WriteDesign - Historical and Cultural Context - Drawing Prompt Index

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Historical and Cultural Context
Drawing Prompt Index


Art education often takes advantage of established masters as sources of inspiration and models of technical skill. To that end this page links to selected "masters" so students may use the examples to expand their knowledge, understanding, and appreciation of art. Each artist link provides an opening representative image suitable for drawing by students. The color circle indicates level of drawing complexity (SimpleDrawingPrompt - simple shapes; MoreComplexDrawingPrompt - more complex; ComplexDrawingPrompt - complex). Additional images and information are also provided to help students explore the vast possibilities of artistic expression.


Historical and Cultural Context | Site Map | Rules of Thumb | Quotes | WordList | Co-Teachers - Doug and Melissa | Gallery | E-Mail Doug at mrdoug@aznet.net or Melissa at mmckinstry@sdja.com


Click on the artist name, principles/elements, and movements to see more information. Yes, I know, I'm working on adding more links and artists.
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Artist

Type of Art

Principles/Elements

Movements

Adams, Ansel
(1902-1984)
b. America MoreComplexDrawingPrompt
photographer, environmentalist, writer, lecturer balance,contrast, emphasis, line, movement, rhythm, pattern, shape, space, texture, value

straight photography,
Group f/64

Agam, Yaacov (1928-) b. Israel SimpleDrawingPrompt sculptor, experimental artist balance, color, contrast, form, movement, rhythm, pattern, shape, space Op
Albers, Josef (1888-1976) b. Germany SimpleDrawingPrompt abstract painter, designer, photographer, typographer, print maker, and poet balance, color, contrast, movement, rhythm, pattern, shape, space Bauhaus
Arp, Jean (1886 –1966) b. Germany SimpleDrawingPrompt sculptor, painter, poet, and abstract artist balance, color, contrast, emphasis, form, line, movement, rhythm, pattern, shape, space, texture, value Abstraction-Création, Surrealism, daDa
Banksy (1974?) b. England ComplexDrawingPrompt graffiti/stencil/street artist contrast, emphasis, movement, shape Bristol underground
Barlach, Ernst (1870-1938) b. Germany MoreComplexDrawingPrompt sculptor, print maker, ceramicist, dramatist emphasis, form, movement, space, texture Expressionism, Modern Gothic
Basquiat, Jean-Michel
(1960-1988)
b. America MoreComplexDrawingPrompt
painter balance, color, line, movement, rhythm, texture Neo-Expressionist
Bass, Saul (1920-1996) b. America MoreComplexDrawingPrompt graphic designer, film maker, typographer balance, color, contrast, emphasis, line, movement, shape, space Bauhaus, Constructivism, Minimalism, Modernist
Bayer, Herbert (1900-1985) b. Austria SimpleDrawingPrompt graphic designer, painter, photographer, sculptor, art director, environmental & interior designer, architect balance, color, form, line, pattern, shape, space Bauhaus
Bearden, Romare (1911-1988) b. America MoreComplexDrawingPrompt collage artist balance, movement, rhythm, shape 306 Group, Harlem Renaissance
Beardsley, Aubrey(1872-1898) b. England MoreComplexDrawingPrompt illustrator balance, contrast, line, movement, rhythm, shape, space Art Nouveau
Bell, Vanessa (1879-1961) b. England MoreComplexDrawingPrompt painter, interior designer, textile designer balance, contrast, movement, pattern, rhythm, shape, space Post Impressionism, Bloomsbury group, Omega Workshops
Brancusi, Constantin (1876-1957) b. Romania SimpleDrawingPrompt sculptor balance, emphasis, form, movement, rhythm, space, texture, value Abstraction
Braque, Georges (1882-1963) b. France MoreComplexDrawingPrompt painter, print maker, sculptor balance, form, line, movement, pattern, rhythm, shape, space, value Impressionism, Fauvism, Cubism. Post Impressionism
Breuer, Marcel (1902-1981) b. Hungary ComplexDrawingPrompt architect, furniture designer balance, emphasis, form, line, space, texture, value Bauhaus
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Calder, Alexander (1898-1976) b. America SimpleDrawingPrompt sculptor, painter, jeweler balance, contrast, emphasis, form, line, movement, pattern, rhythm, shape, space Associated with Post Impressionism
Cassandre, Adolphe Mouron (1901-1968) b. Ukraine MoreComplexDrawingPrompt painter, graphic designer, typographer, set and costume designer balance, contrast, emphasis, line, movement, rhythm, shape, space, value inspired by Cubism and Surrealism
Cassatt, Mary (1844-1926) b. America ComplexDrawingPrompt painter balance, color, emphasis, movement, value Impressionism
Catherine, Norman (1949-) b. South Africa MoreComplexDrawingPrompt painter, sculptor, print maker, mixed media artist balance, color, contrast, emphasis, form, line, movement, pattern, rhythm, shape no affiliation
Cézanne, Paul (1839-1906) b. France ComplexDrawingPrompt painter balance, color, line, movement, rhythm, shape, space Post Impressionism
Chagall, Marc (1887-1995) b. Russia SimpleDrawingPrompt painter, stained-glass designer balance, color, contrast, line, movement, rhythm, space Surrealism, Expressionism
Chicago, Judy (1939-) b. America SimpleDrawingPrompt painter, sculptor, author, educator balance, color, contrast, emphasis, form, movement, pattern, rhythm, shape, space, value Feminism
Chillida, Eduardo (1924-2002) b. Spain   sculptor, print maker contrast, form, movement, shape, space Realism
Christo [Christo Vladimirov Javacheff] (1935-) b. Bulgaria SimpleDrawingPrompt installation artist contrast, emphasis, form, movement, rhythm, shape, space Nouveau Réalisme (New Realism)
Cornell, Joseph assemblage artist    
Dali, Salvador (1904-1989) b. Spain MoreComplexDrawingPrompt painter, illustrator, photographer, sculptor, writer balance, color, contrast, emphasis, form, line, movement, rhythm, space, value Cubism, daDa, Surrealism
de Lempicka, Tamara (1898-1980 ) b. Poland ComplexDrawingPrompt painter balance, color, emphasis, form, line, shape, space, value Her own style with a mix of Art Deco, Cubism, and Surrealism
de Saint Phalle, Niki
(1930-2002) b. France MoreComplexDrawingPrompt

sculptor, painter, film maker
balance, contrast, emphasis, form, line, movement, pattern, rhythm, shape, space Nouveau Réalisme (New Realism)
de Vlaminck, Maurice (1876-1958) b. France MoreComplexDrawingPrompt painter, author, poet, print maker, musician, athlete color, contrast, emphasis, line, pattern, rhythm, shape Post Impressionism, Fauvism
Degas, Edgar (1834-1917) b. France MoreComplexDrawingPrompt painter, sculptor, print maker, illustrator, photographer balance, color, contrast, emphasis, form, line, movement, rhythm, space, texture, value Impressionism
Derain, Andre      
Dine, Jim  
(1935-) b. America SimpleDrawingPrompt
painter, sculptor, print maker, illustrator, performance artist, stage designer, and poet balance, color, contrast, line, movement, pattern, shape Pop, Neo-daDa
Duchamp, Marcel (1887-1968) b. France SimpleDrawingPrompt painter, sculptor, film maker balance, contrast, emphasis, form, line, movement, pattern, rhythm, shape, space, value daDa, Surrealism
Dufy, Raoul (1877-1953) b. France MoreComplexDrawingPrompt ceramist, textile designer, draftsman, print maker, book illustrator, theatrical set-dress, furniture designer balance, color, form, line, movement, pattern, rhythm, shape, space, texture, value Post Impressionism, Fauvism
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Ernst, Max      
Erté [Romain de Tirtoff] (1892-1990) b. Russia ComplexDrawingPrompt painter, fashion and stage designer balance, color, contrast, form, movement, pattern, rhythm, space, texture Art Deco
Escher, M. C. [Maurits Cornelis] (1898-1972) b. NetherlandsMoreComplexDrawingPrompt mathematically inspired print maker, illustrator balance, contrast, emphasis, pattern, rhythm, shape, space, value not affiliated
Fairey, Shepard      
Feininger, Lyonel      
Gaudí, Antoni
(1852-1926)
b. Spain MoreComplexDrawingPrompt
architect form, movement, pattern, rhythm, shape, space, texture Art Nouveau
Gauguin, Paul       
Gehrey, Frank (1929-) b. Canada architect, jeweler, furniture designer contrast, emphasis, form, movement, pattern, rhythm, space, texture Deconstructivism, DeCon Architecture, post-structuralist
Glaser, Milton (1929-) b. America SimpleDrawingPrompt graphic designer, illustrator balance, contrast, emphasis, line, movement, rhythm, space ever evolving
Goldsworthy, Andy (1956-) b. England sculptor, photographer, environmentalist    
Gory, Edward
(1925-2000)
b. America ComplexDrawingPrompt

writer, illustrator, costume and set designer
balance, contrast, emphasis, line, movement, space, texture, value Surrealism, Gothic
Gropius, Walter     Bauhaus
Haring, Keith (1958-1990) b. America SimpleDrawingPrompt painter, graffiti artists, muralist, animator, set designer balance, color, contrast, line, movement, pattern, rhythm, shape, space Pop
Hartigan, Grace      
Hockney, David      
Hubbell, James MoreComplexDrawingPrompt b. America architect, sculptor, stained glass designer, mosaicist, environmentalist, watercolorist, blacksmith, poet, humanitarian balance, contrast, emphasis, line,movement, pattern, rhythm, space, texture, value an organic Art Nouveau
Hundertwasser, Friedensreich (1928-2000) b. Austria MoreComplexDrawingPrompt painter, architect, graphic designer balance, contrast, emphasis, line,movement, pattern, rhythm, space, texture, value Transautomatism, based on Surrealist automatism, Art Nouveau
Indiana, Robert      
Itten, Johannes      
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Jawlensky, Alexei (1864-1941) b. Russia painter    
Johns, Jasper      
Johnson, Philip      
Kahlo, Frida (1907-1954) b. Mexico painter    
Kandinsky, Wassily      
Katsushika, Hokusai      
Kelly, Ellsworth      
Klee, Paul      
Klimt, Gustav (1862-1918) Austria MoreComplexDrawingPrompt painter balance, color, line, movement, pattern, rhythm, shape, space Symbolism, Art Nouveau, Vienna Secession
Lalique, René      
Lawrence, Jacob      
Lichtenstein, Roy
(1923-1997)
b. America ComplexDrawingPrompt
painter, sculptor balance, color, contrast, emphasis, line, movement, pattern, shape, space, texture, value Pop
Magritte, Rene      
Maillol, Aristide      
ManRay
(1890-1976)
b. America ComplexDrawingPrompt
painter, photographer, assemblage artist, collage artist, film maker balance, contrast, emphasis, form, line, space, texture, value Surrealism, daDa
Max, Peter (1937-) b. Germany MoreComplexDrawingPrompt painter balance, color, contrast, line, movement,  rhythm Pop, Neo-Fauvism
Matisse, Henri (869-1954) b. France SimpleDrawingPrompt painter, print maker, sculptor    
Modigliani, Amedeo (1884-1920) b. Italy SimpleDrawingPrompt painter, sculptor balance, color, emphasis, form, line, rhythm, shape, space proto-Cubist, worked with impressionists, but had own style
Moholy-Nagy, László
(1895 –1946) b. Hungary
photographer, typographer, sculptor, painter, print maker, industrial designer, set designer, film maker balance, contrast, emphasis, form, line, movement, pattern, rhythm, shape, space, texture, value Bauhaus
Mondrian, Piet (1872-1944) b. Netherlands SimpleDrawingPrompt painter balance, contrast, line, pattern, shape, space De Stijl
Monet, Claude      
Moser, Koloman (1868 -
1918) b. Austria-Hungary SimpleDrawingPrompt painter, illustrator, postage stamp designer, print maker, ceramist, stained glass designer, furniture designer, tapestry and textile designer balance, color, contrast, line, movement, pattern, rhythm, shape, space, texture Vienna Secession, Jugendstil
Munch, Edvard      

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Nevelson, Louise      
O’Keeffe, Georgia (1887-1984) b. America painter    
Oldenburg, Claes (1929-) b. Sweden SimpleDrawingPrompt sculptor balance, color, contrast, emphasis, form, movement, rhythm, space Pop
Picasso, Pablo (1881-1973) b. Spain MoreComplexDrawingPrompt painter, print maker, sculptor, ceramist, mosaicist, stage and graphic designer contrast, emphasis, line, rhythm, shape Cubism, Surrealism
Rauschenberg, Robert      
Reinhardt, Ad      
Riley, Bridget -     Op
Rivera, Diego (1886-1957) b. Mexico      
Rodin, Auguste      
Rothko, Mark      
Rouault, Georges      
Scher, Paula, (1948-) b. America graphic designer    
Sendak, Maurice (1928-) b. America MoreComplexDrawingPrompt illustrator, writer, set designer balance, color, contrast, emphasis, line, movement, pattern, rhythm, shape, space, texture, value  
Serra, Richard      
Shahn, Ben     Social Realism
Stella, Frank      
Stieglitz, Alfred (1864 –1946) – b. America MoreComplexDrawingPrompt photographer balance, contrast, emphasis, rhythm, space, texture, value Linked Ring, Photo-Secessionist
Thiebaud, Wayne
(1920-)
b. America MoreComplexDrawingPrompt
painter, print maker balance, color, contrast, form, line, pattern, rhythm, texture, value Pop
Tiffany, Louis Comfort      
de Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri (1864-1901) b. France MoreComplexDrawingPrompt painter, print maker, draftsman, illustrator balance, color, contrast, emphasis, line, movement, rhythm, space Post Impressionism, Art Nouveau
Turner, Joseph      
Twombly, Cy
(1928-)
b. American SimpleDrawingPrompt
calligrapher, painter color, line, movement, pattern, rhythm, space No affiliation
van der Rohe, Mies (1886-1969) b. Germany MoreComplexDrawingPrompt architect, furniture designer, educator balance, contrast, emphasis, form, line, pattern, rhythm, space, texture Bauhaus, Modernism
Van Gogh, Vincent      
Vasarely, Victor (1906-1997) b. Hungary SimpleDrawingPrompt painter, graphic designer, mosaicist, sculptor balance, color, contrast, form, emphasis, pattern, rhythm, shape, space Op
Warhol, Andy (1928-1987) b. America SimpleDrawingPrompt painter, display designer, graphic designer, cinematographer, purveyor of campy kitsch balance, color, contrast, emphasis, line, movement, pattern, rhythm, shape, space Pop

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Historical and Cultural Context | Site Map | Rules of Thumb | Quotes | WordList | Co-Teachers - Doug and Melissa | Gallery | E-Mail Doug at mrdoug@aznet.net or Melissa at mmckinstry@sdja.com

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