San Diego Jewish Academy

Art

Principles of Art/Design

Balance

 

Paul Cezanne - Mont Sainte-Victoire


Worth checking out:

Drawing Prompts - Each artist link provides an opening representative image suitable for drawing by students. Additional images and information are also provided to help students explore the vast posibilities of artistic expression.


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E-Mail Doug at mrdoug@aznet.net


Symmetry | Approximate Symmetry | Asymmetry | Radial Symmetry

To paint is not to copy the object slavishly, it is to grasp a harmony among many relationships. Paul Cezanne


Balance

1. a state of equilibrium or equipoise; equal distribution of weight, amount, etc. 2. something used to produce equilibrium; counterpoise. 3. mental steadiness or emotional stability; habit of calm behavior, judgment, etc. 4. a state of bodily equilibrium: He lost his balance and fell down the stairs. 5. an instrument for determining weight, typically by the equilibrium of a bar with a fulcrum at the center, from each end of which is suspended a scale or pan, one holding an object of known weight, and the other holding he object to be weighed. 13. Fine Arts. composition or placement of elements of design, as figures, forms, or colors, in such a manner as to produce an aesthetically pleasing or harmoniously integrated whole. [Websters's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Thunder Bay Press, San Diego, CA 2001, p 157]


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It is the harmony of the diverse parts, their symmetry, their happy balance; in a word it is all that introduces order, all that gives unity, that permits us to see clearly and to comprehend at once both the ensemble and the details. Jules H. Poincare - was a French mathematician and theoretical physicist, and a philosopher of science.

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Symmetry

1. the correspondence in size, form, and arrangement of parts on opposite sides of a plane, line, or point; regularity of form or arrangement in terms of like, reciprocal, or corresponding parts. 2. the proper or due proportion of the parts of a body or whole to one another with regard to size and form; excellence of proportion. [Websters's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Thunder Bay Press, San Diego, CA 2001, p 1926]


Mark Rothko

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Frida Kahlo

Symmetry can occur in any orientation as long as the image is the same on either side of the central axis. http://daphne.palomar.edu/design/bsymm.html


Victor Vasarely

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Symmetrical balance is also called formal balance because a form (formula) is used -- a mirror image about a vertical axis. The results look formal, organized and orderly. http://daphne.palomar.edu/design/bsymm


Doug

Be aware that in evaluating works of art, the symmetry does NOT have to illustrate an exact mirror image.


Georgia O'Keeffe

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C. Morey de Morand


Victor Vasarely


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Approximate Symmetry

Based on symmetry but the two halves are not exactly the same. Slight variations will probably not change the balance. http://daphne.palomar.edu/design/bsymm.html


Jean-Michel Basquiat


C. Morey de Morand

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Victor Vasarely



Yaakov Agam

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Near symmetry is more versatile than pure symmetry.



Victor Vasarely


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Asymmetry

1. not identical on both sides of a central line; unsymmetrical; lacking symmetry: Most faces are asymmetric. [Websters's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Thunder Bay Press, San Diego, CA 2001, p 129]


When the left and right sides of the design are unequal it is said to have asymmetrical balance. http://desktoppub.about.com/od/designprinciples/g/asymmetrical


Piet Modrian

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Henri Matisse

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Maurice de Vlaminck


Marc Chagall

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Wassily Kandisky


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Radial Symmetry

Lines and shapes are mirrored both vertically and horizontally, with the center of the composition acting as a focal point.


Andy Goldsworthy


Victor Vasarely

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Frank Stella


Georgia O'Keeffe

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Wassily Kandinsky


By the combination of lines and colors, under the pretext of some motif taken from nature, I create symphonies and harmonies that represent nothing absolutely real in the ordinary sense of the word but are intended to give rise to thoughts as music does. Paul Gauguin

Site Map | Color - Element of Art/Design | Rhythm/Pattern - Principle of Art/Design | Emphasis - Principle of Art/Design | Andy Goldsworthy - Elements of Art/Design | Historical and Cultural Context | Quotes | Glossary | Graphic Organizers | Rules of Thumb | Co-Teachers - Doug and Melissa | GalleryTop | E-Mail Doug at mrdoug@aznet.net

Melissa and I would like to
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education and WriteDesign.