Five main types of organizers
Graphic organizers are valuable instructional tools.
Unlike many tools that just have one purpose, graphic organizers are
flexible and endless in application. One common trait found among
graphic organizers is that they show the order and completeness of a
student's thought process - strengths and weaknesses of understanding
become clearly evident. Many graphic organizers show different
aspects of an issue/problem - in close and also the big picture.
Since many graphic organizers use short words or phrases, they are
ideal for many types of learners, including English Language Learners
with intermediate proficiency.
Although five main types of organizers are mentioned in this piece,
many others exist, or will soon be created. See examples
Use to show definitions, attributes, examples, and
- Chart/Matrix: Use to show attributes,
and contrasting, and evaluating.
- Tree/Map: Use to show classifications,
structures, attributes, examples, and brainstorming.
- Chain: Use to show processes,
causes and effects, and chronology.
Use to show physical
structures, descriptions of places, spatial relationships,
concrete objects, and visual
1. to separate (a material or abstract entity) into
constituent parts or elements; determine the elements or essential
features of (opposed to synthesize): to analyze an argument.
2. to examine critically, so as to bring out the essential
elements or give the essence of: to analyze a poem. 3. to
examine carefully and in detail so as to identify causes, key
factors, possible results, etc. (Webster's. p 74)
a sudden impulse, idea, etc.: brainstorming - a conference
technique of solving specific problems, amassing information,
stimulating creative thinking, developing new ideas, etc., by
unrestrained and spontaneous participation in discussion
(Webster's. p 253).
- Compare and
Contrast compare - to
examine (two or more objects, ideas, people, etc.) in order to
note similarities and differences; to compare two pieces of
literary work (Webster's. p 416): contrast - to compare in
order to show unlikeness or differences; note the opposite
natures, purposes, etc., of: Contrast the political rights of
Romans and Greeks (Webster's. p 442).
1. to determine or set the value of amount of; appraise: to
evaluate property. 2. to judge or determine the
significance, worth, or quality of; assess; to evaluate the
results of an experiment (Webster's. p 670).
1. to form a hypothesis. 2. to assume by hypothesis
- hypothesis - 1. a proposition, or set of
propositions, set forth as an explanation for the occurrence of
some specified group of phenomena, either asserted merely as a
provisional conjecture to guide investigating (working hypothesis)
or accepted as highly probable in the light of established facts.
2. a proposition assumed as a premise in an argument.
3. the antecedent of a conditional proposition. 4. a
mere assumption or guess (Webster's. p 944).
to act one upon another. interaction - reciprocal action,
effect, or influence (Webster's. p 992).
1. the following of one thing after another; succession.
2. order of succession: a list of books in alphabetical
sequence. 3. a continuous or connected series: a sonnet
sequence. 4. something that follows; a subsequent event;
result; consequence (Webster's. p 1747).
1. to recall or form mental images or pictures. 2.
to make visual or visible. 3. to form a mental image of.
4. to make perceptible to the mind or imagination
(Webster's. p 2127).
Map - A list of all the pages with
annotations, yes, all of the pages on this site.
- New links and lots of new quotes about life, art, and
and Cultural Context - provides an
overview of art movements and the context in which they developed. We
have not covered every movement or period, rather selected snippets
to help provide students with an opportunity to explore the elements
that have influenced other artists in their quest for expressing
personal voice. As with all of our work, this site remains a work in
Check out edHelper.com
to find more educational resources, lesson plans, news updates, and
For more graphic organizers see:
Graphic Organizer Index - http://www.graphic.org/goindex.html
- provides a matrix of organizers with practical applications for
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