Graphic Organizers

Five main types of organizers
Graphic organizers are valuable instructional tools. Unlike many tools that just have one purpose, graphic organizers are flexible and endless in application. One common trait found among graphic organizers is that they show the order and completeness of a student's thought process - strengths and weaknesses of understanding become clearly evident. Many graphic organizers show different aspects of an issue/problem - in close and also the big picture. Since many graphic organizers use short words or phrases, they are ideal for many types of learners, including English Language Learners with intermediate proficiency.

Although five main types of organizers are mentioned in this piece, many others exist, or will soon be created. See examples below.

Graphic organizers

Bridging Snapshots



Compare/Contrast Matrix

Network Tree

Spider Map

Continuum Scale




Problem/Solution Outline


Fishbone Map


Venn Diagram

Human Interaction Outline




Series of Events Chain


  • Analyze 1. to separate (a material or abstract entity) into constituent parts or elements; determine the elements or essential features of (opposed to synthesize): to analyze an argument. 2. to examine critically, so as to bring out the essential elements or give the essence of: to analyze a poem. 3. to examine carefully and in detail so as to identify causes, key factors, possible results, etc. (Webster's. p 74)
  • Brainstorm a sudden impulse, idea, etc.: brainstorming - a conference technique of solving specific problems, amassing information, stimulating creative thinking, developing new ideas, etc., by unrestrained and spontaneous participation in discussion (Webster's. p 253).
  • Compare and Contrast compare - to examine (two or more objects, ideas, people, etc.) in order to note similarities and differences; to compare two pieces of literary work (Webster's. p 416): contrast - to compare in order to show unlikeness or differences; note the opposite natures, purposes, etc., of: Contrast the political rights of Romans and Greeks (Webster's. p 442).
  • Evaluate 1. to determine or set the value of amount of; appraise: to evaluate property. 2. to judge or determine the significance, worth, or quality of; assess; to evaluate the results of an experiment (Webster's. p 670).
  • Hypothesize 1. to form a hypothesis. 2. to assume by hypothesis - hypothesis - 1. a proposition, or set of propositions, set forth as an explanation for the occurrence of some specified group of phenomena, either asserted merely as a provisional conjecture to guide investigating (working hypothesis) or accepted as highly probable in the light of established facts. 2. a proposition assumed as a premise in an argument. 3. the antecedent of a conditional proposition. 4. a mere assumption or guess (Webster's. p 944).
  • Interact to act one upon another. interaction - reciprocal action, effect, or influence (Webster's. p 992).
  • Sequence 1. the following of one thing after another; succession. 2. order of succession: a list of books in alphabetical sequence. 3. a continuous or connected series: a sonnet sequence. 4. something that follows; a subsequent event; result; consequence (Webster's. p 1747).
  • Visualize 1. to recall or form mental images or pictures. 2. to make visual or visible. 3. to form a mental image of. 4. to make perceptible to the mind or imagination (Webster's. p 2127).


Site Map - A list of all the pages with annotations, yes, all of the pages on this site.

Quotes - New links and lots of new quotes about life, art, and philosophy.

Historical and Cultural Context - provides an overview of art movements and the context in which they developed. We have not covered every movement or period, rather selected snippets to help provide students with an opportunity to explore the elements that have influenced other artists in their quest for expressing personal voice. As with all of our work, this site remains a work in progress.

Wow, validation.

Check out to find more educational resources, lesson plans, news updates, and more.

For more graphic organizers see:
Graphic Organizer Index - - provides a matrix of organizers with practical applications for each category.
Site Map | WriteDesign | WordList | Glossary | Rules of Thumb | On-Line Resources | Co-Teachers - Doug and Melissa | Gallery
E-Mail Doug at or Melissa at

Melissa and I would like to
znet for
making a commitment to
education and WriteDesign.