reference 1. an act or instance of referring. 2. a mention; allusion. 3. something for which a name or designation stands; denotation. 4. a direction in a book or writing to some other book, passage, etc. 5. a book, passage, etc., to which one is directed. 6. reference mark [any of various written or printed symbols, as an asterisk(*), dagger, or superscript number, used to indicate the presence of further information in a footnote, bibliography, or other text. 7. material contained in a footnote or bibliography, or referred to by a reference mark. 8. use or recourse for purposes of information: a library for public reference (Webster's, p 1620).

citation, quotation; exemplification, instance, example, case, case in point, particular, item, illustration, demonstration; cross reference (Chapman, p 381).

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